CrowdstartCoin – A Currency Creates Sovereignty

We want blockchain technology to live up to its original concept: being and staying an open, free technology. We want to prevent blockchain technology from the fate of the internet, being corrupted by lobby groups who succeeded in persuading the U.S. government to abolish net neutrality in December 2017.

For millennia, sovereignty defined currency. Governments created curency and the currency allowed a government to execute its monopolistic control. Now, people create currency. And since currency creates sovereignty, the former equation has been inversed: economic freedom is no longer dependent on governments but can be exerted in a trans-national, self-determined way.

Blockchain developers of all sorts, be it Bitcoin maximalists, Ethereum proponents, IOTA tangle enthusiasts, Stellar developers or active supporters of currencies such as Monero, Dash, etc, – all of them will be awarded CrowdstartCoins for committing valuable code. Two weeks after having issued the first CrowdstartCoins to developers participating at the IOTA hackathon in Gdansk, CrowdstartCoins have been distibuted to over 125 developers, most of them working on IOTA and Ethereum.

CrowdstartCoin can become the currency of choice for all those who work on blockchain technology. When CrowdstartCoin is widely adopted in and used by the Blockchain community, its value supports the future development and the evolution of the Blockchain ecosystem at-large.

If you’re a developer who committed code to advance Blockchain technology at-large, you’ll be eligible to receive CrowdstartCoins. You can request CrowdstartCoins by filling out the Developer Incentive Program: Claim XSC Rewards form.

A Cryptoeconomic Approach For ICOing High-Yield, Stable Decentralized Networks – Two Token Model

On December 6, 2017, game company and distributor Valve announced that its gaming platform Steam is no longer accepting Bitcoin as a payment method. The company explained that Bitcoin transaction fees have gone up to nearly $20 per transaction last week, “compared to roughly $0.20 when we initially enabled Bitcoin.”

At the same time, CryptoKitties burned up 15% of Ethereum’s gas, causing a mid-level congestion and increasing in-game fees.

Since we have been working on some ICO projects over the last months, focusing on cryptoeconomics and token design, we felt the need for a model that would allow a high-yield return for investors on the one hand, whilst guaranteeing the stability and a proper functioning of the specific application(s) at the same time.

Two Token Model TTM Thesis
Decentralized networks need a token model that

  1. guarantees a stable cryptoeconomic mechanism to exchange assets, services, time and money between peers, and, at the same time,
  2. allows investors to reap large economic benefits, and, therefore
  3. allows an overall story of combining a cooperative/post-capitalist model with a pure capitalist play by technically separating both aspects through the representation of two dedicated tokens.

Proposed Solution

A) Two-Token Model

The network features 2 different types of tokens:
a) a core token (CT) that is tradable at crypto-exchanges,
b) an application token (AT) (per application)

CT
The only function of the CT is that of a currency. In all of the network’s potential applications, there is one overarching CT.

AT
The AT is designed depending on the respective application’s requirements. It is the only token that allows the usage of the respective application. It is not listed at any exchange. Potential listings of ATs probably could not be prevented technically, but by regulation: The network defines the listing of AT’s as not allowed and will exclude applications that behave otherwise. Organizers of applications that already have a token will be offered to exchange their tokens for AT. Additionally, they can be awarded CT depending on their applications’ asset values.

B) Token Issuance Mechanism

Initially, there will be two events that happen at the same time:

  • SAFT of CT to (accredited) investors
  • One-time distribution of (free) AT to interested potential network application users (comparable to a basic income)

The Token Story

A (revenue-driven, high-yield) SAFT will finance the development of the network and serve as the initial AT supply of the network. Within the first applications running, AT holders can earn additional AT, and, directly derived from that, additional CT. The intensity of use and supply of AT represents the intrinsic value of a CT.

This model of a clear, technical separation into  – and combination of – a speculative and an application part should serve the initially conflicting interests of both categories of the network‘s stakeholders: the potentially application-interested majority of AT holders and the potentially solely commercially driven and high-yield-driven investors who hold and trade the CT.

Every app token holder (ATH) will receive CT’s additionally to their AT’s, if the intensity of use of the application reaches a certain threshold. As long as the intensity of use is above this threshold, the ATH will receive additional CT’s, scaling with their intensity of use. When the intensity of use sinks below the threshold, there will be no CT’s awarded further on.

Definition of Intensity of Use IoU Criteria

As mentioned, ATH are being rewarded CT depending on their intensities of use of the application(s). There are several aspects of defining an “intensity of use (IoU)” in a good way. First, an ATH could use a specific application very frequently. This could add to her IoU. Then, the ATH could move huge assets within an application. Again, this could add to her IoU. Further on, an ATH could use an application in a way that leads to a higher IoU of another application. This would lead to trans-application elements of the IoU’s algorithm. Then, there are further aspects, s.a. hoarding/inflation, etc..

Model Attractiveness

The definition of the IoU algorithm is one key aspect of this token model. On the one hand, it seemingly is the most complex problem to solve for the network. On the other hand it offers the opportunity to create one single algorithm that is completely variable in design and can be tweaked throughout the lifespan of the network without any need for changing the structure.

Due to the fact that the AT is not tradable, and the IoU algorithm prevents the ATH from hoarding and other unintended use, it can be regarded as stable.

The CT, in turn, is a tradable token that entails no other rights than being exchangeable with other currencies. The prize of the CT will be defined by market forces alone. This pure market-driven nature of the CT, combined with the value(s) of ATs, makes the network’s model highly attractive for application-focused users, as well as for investors.

We have intensely discussed the TTM within our network, and we have not found severe weaknesses that could prove to become showstoppers. However, we invite you to prove otherwise! Please provide us with your feedback on TTM – thank you!

CrowdstartCoin XSC Listed As Default Token In MyEtherWallet

Great news for all the developers who we’ve rewarded with XSC over the last few weeks! The first stage of our developer rewards program is humming along nicely and we’ve been distributing XSC to IOTA and Ethereum devs as fast as we can review contributions and send out the XSC tokens. The Ethereum network is a bit bogged down at the moment but we’re still submitting transactions and tokens are coming to everyone who’s requested them at this point. 

Also we have a quick technical update for you. In addition to being able to trade XSC on https://etherdelta.com/ we’re now listed as a default token in https://www.myetherwallet.com/.  That means it’s no longer necessary to look up the contract specifics to get your Ethereum account prepared for receiving XSC. Just create a new account on myetherwallet and you’re ready to go. Crypto pros will also be aware that hardware wallets like ledger are compatible with myetherwallet. That means developers receiving XSC through the Crowdstart Capital developer incentives program can lock down their new tokens using the same trusted hardware as they use for Bitcoin or Ether.

We’ll be detailing a referral program soon so keep an eye out. If you know any other developers who are really advancing blockchain and decentralised ledger technology, make sure to reach out to us!

Cryptoexchange EtherDelta Officially Lists CrowdstartCoin XSC

As of today, 1 December 2017, our CrowdstartCoin XSC is tradable on EtherDelta, a decentralized cryptoexchange. 

We are very happy that, ten days after having issued the first CSC to IOTA developers at IOTA hackathon, in Gdansk, the tokens have been officially listed on EtherDelta!  From today, blockchain developers can grow the value of their own token that serves as a reward for contributing to the evolution of the blockchain ecosystem!

Don‘t waste your time, devs! Go, claim your XSC – and trade them!

Blockchains And Cryptocurrencies – A Disconnect In Cryptoland

Coming from blockchain technology and its use cases in various industries as diverse as manufacturing, energy, automotive, healthcare and finance, looking at the cryptocurrency market is quite interesting. 

Whilst blockchain plays the role of a foundational technology when using it to simplify legacy database infrastructures and adding a lean ‘singleton-ish’ transactional layer to formerly stale and complex technology stacks, most participants in cryptocurrencies don’t seem to be interested at all in the technology behind the tokens. Here, the token’s currency aspects dominate, which isn’t necessarily a bad thing, but…

A brief look at the market shows a huge money influx especially in the last 6 months. About 830 different tokens represent a total market capitalization of just under $90B with the Top 10 currencies representing around 90%, or more than $80B, as of this writing. Six months ago, the total market value was about $15B.

In order to get a better understanding of this phenomenon, we started listening to crypto market’s participants. Since Twitter and Reddit are two major channels of choice, it’s quite easy to get a feeling for the market in a short time. Here is what we have learned so far:

Learnings

  • If you come from the technology side of blockchain, you should put your expertise aside, unless you don’t want to go mad: in cryptocurrencies, blockchain does not matter at all – it’s the currency, stupid!
  • This aspect alone makes you think again: Bitcoin’s CPU-based PoW vs Ethereum’s RAM PoW? Who cares? Single-currency-purpose Monero vs financial settlement network Ripple? Cryptocurrencies, application-specific tokens or meta-protocols, mostly based on Bitcoin? Nothing’s easier than comparing “valuations” of contenders representing totally different asset categories or applications.
  • Then: valuations. What, exactly, does it mean when Ethereum “is worth” $19B?  In its 2014 launch, the Ethereum foundation issued 72m ETH – after three years of mining there’s a total ETH supply of 92m, as of this writing. Mining means, there is a certain inflation built in the currency’s protocol. Is it priced in?
  • Ok, there are certain tokens, especially the application-specific ones, that could be modeled as economic entities rather than currencies. This allows us to use some of the valuation methods we apply to securities, such as well-established economic and cash-flow models used in equity research. However, investors should be aware that the market price of tokens can differ significantly from the underlying valuation models: a large component of price is speculative in nature and will probably decrease with time, as the ecosystem matures.
  • Next, there is a strikingly outspoken communications behavior in cryptoland. Many self-appointed crypto investors, crypto traders or, more generically, crypto experts (!), seem to possess some finite knowledge about individual tokens, the crypto market in general, and – which is no differentiator versus the stock markets – they know the future. In other words: the cryptocurrency market is dominated by the same group of traders and investors as any other financial market in its espective infancy. And, as a side note, some occasional Nonviolent Communication training for market participants wouldn’t do any harm.

Disconnect between asset and its value

Our most relevant learning? Blockchain lies at the heart of crypto tokens, but the cryptocurrency market is dominated by people and their strategies without any connection to blockchain technology. Cryptocurrencies are treated as random assets. From the financial market’s perspective, this should not be much of a surprise. However, this disconnect between the value of an asset and its application could lead to major distortions in the future. The very first of these, the fact that blockchain transactions become more expensive the more the asset price increases, are already visible and have significant impacts on the respective blockchains.

In Germany, there existed a segment of the stock market called ‘Neuer Markt‘. From 1997 to 2003, the Neuer Markt created many success stories and many more bankruptcies. The originally 30, later 50, listed companies represented a total market capitalization of more than 200B EUR. And, today exactly, we saw  the impact of a 1.6 minute sarcastic video presented by Monero developer Riccardo Spagni during the Monero meetup prior to Token Summit.

Evil to him who evil thinks.

How lawmakers can protect digital currency consumers without harming innovation

In their March 2017 report State Digital Currency Principles and Framework, Peter van Valkenburgh and Jerry Brito offer model language for a sui generis statute or implementing regulation to States that have begun to look at how digital currencies, such as Bitcoin, and the businesses that utilize them to provide consumer products, interact with money transmission and consumer protection policy.

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